Treatment of dysmenorrhea involves drug therapy that is geared toward pain management and regulating the chemical imbalance that may be causing the symptoms. Treatment options depend on the type of dysmenorrhea that affects the patient. Treatment also depends on the severity of symptoms, age and tolerance of specific drug therapies (Medicine, n.d.).
Prostaglandin synthase inhibitors
Prostaglandin synthase inhibitors address the production of prostaglandins. Ibuprofen and naproxen are popular choices which inhibit the production of prostaglandins thus decreasing the occurrence of painful cramping (Copstead & Banasik, 2012).
Oral contraceptives are often used to control the production of prostaglandins. The presence of progestin actually inhibits prostaglandins which in turn alleviates the symptoms of dysmenorrhea (Copstead & Banasik, 2012).
Secondary dysmenorrhea often requires a more invasive treatment plan such as diagnostic procedures in order to determine the underlying cause of the pain followed by surgery in order to alleviate the pain (Copstead & Banasik, 2012). However, treatment of secondary dysmenorrhea largely depends on the underlying cause whether it is infection, pelvic adhesions, endometriosis, or a tumor (Copstead & Banasik, 2012).
For further reading . . .
Copstead, L.-E. C., & Banasik, J. L. (2012). Pathophysiology. St. Louis: Elselvier.
Medicine, U. o. (n.d.). Dysmenorrhea. Retrieved from University of Chicago Medicine: https://pedclerk.bsd.uchicago.edu/page/dysmenorrhea